While electronic cigarettes are significantly safer than traditional cigarettes, that does not mean they do not come without any risks, most specifically the nicotine found in E-Liquid. Nicotine can be highly toxic in strong doses and is also extremely addictive. It is suggested that a user not exceed twenty-four milligrams of nicotine (which is similar to a pack of full-flavored cigarettes). However, nicotine is most toxic when consumed or absorbed into the skin. It is recommended that E-Liquid be kept out of the hands of children. If accidentally consumed, a medical expert should be consulted immediately. Due to strong amounts of nicotine, the vapor from an electronic cigarette can cause irritation to the eyes as well as dizziness, effects similar to those of normal cigarettes.
E-Cigs are still considered a tobacco product
Just like traditional cigarettes, it is advised that pregnant women do not use electronic cigarettes. Also, electronic cigarettes are not to be used by anyone under the age of 18, just like regular cigarettes. E-Liquid should be locked up out of reach from children and pets at all time. Electronic cigarettes do not serve any medical purpose and do not function as a cessation device like a nicotine patch, however many are using it as one. Electronic cigarettes are not endorsed by any pharmaceutical companies.
Clean up after yourself
For environmental purposes, E-Liquid should be disposed of properly. E-Liquids are particularly harmful to aquatic environments; therefore, any contact with such environments should be avoided when disposing or handling E-Liquids.
Nicotine is poisonous
It is important to remember that nicotine in its natural form is considered poisonous. A lot of care goes into the extraction process where the nicotine found in E-Liquids is derived. This process is also what makes the E-Liquid so dangerous if consumed or absorbed into the skin due to the unnaturally high amounts of nicotine found in the liquid.
Nicotine in e-Liquids
An alkaloid is a natural chemical compound found in plants which produces a physiological reaction among human beings. Nicotine alkaloids are the alkaloids found in the genus Nicotiana, specifically Nicotiana tabacum which is used to produce cigarettes. Nicotine alkaloids are usually extracted from the plant either by distillation or the method of fractional precipitation. In distillation, the alkaloids are mixed with water, lime, and acids. The acids liberate the alkaloids. Then, a solution like ether is used for extraction. That liquid is then shaken with an acid causing separation leaving the alkaloids in a liquid state where the nicotine can be isolated by means of distillation. The fractional precipitation method is similar but instead of using steam like distillation, the alkaloids are extracted by filtrating them from the organic solvent. This process also typically uses chloroform as some sort of bleaching process is required in this method for the alkaloid to become active which leads to most companies choosing the distillation method as their means of extracting nicotine. Although some insist that the nicotine derived from filtration is more pure, it is a misconception derived from its more transparent nature which is a product of bleaching. Ammonia is also commonly used in this process making the method of distillation not only more pure but less reliant on harmful chemicals.